Parkour Jargon explained
Pre; Short for Precision Jump, Can be used combined with the takeoff or landing. Running Pre, Rail Pre, Standing Pre, Cat-Pass Pre
Stick; Controlled landing leading to a cease of motion, example "Did Jim Stick that Rail Pre".."Yeah, he Stuck it so clean"
Ply; Short for Plyometric Movement, using the momentum from one Pre to aid the next
Stride; Taking long consecutive leaps from walls/rails landing only on one leg while swinging the other to gain momentum
Gallop; Landing one leg just before the other and taking off both, useful for vault techniques
Arm-Jump; Hanging from a wall with feet pushing the wall and hands pulling the edge to remain stationary
Vertical Arm-Jump; Sticking an Arm-Jump to an obstacle where you have to put hands and feet inline with each other, Upright poles, Tree trucks, Pillars
Dyno; An explosive movement while in Arm-Jump position powering up to a higher ledge or rail, history in rock climbing
Crane; Landing on top of a wall with one leg, the other on the face of the wall. Usually because a Pre has been undershot
Cat-Pass; A running vault using both hands to propel over the wall
Dive Kong; Vaulting an obstacle by jumping far from it and using the Cat-Pass technique to control the decent and rectify posture to land past the obstacle on feet
Dash; Clearing an obstacle and using both hands to rectify posture by pushing off the obstacle.
Reverse; A vault to clear an obstacle by a 360 over it with hand placement to guide trajectory
Step-Speed; Using opposite hand and foot placement on the obstacle to move past it with maximum control
Speed; Clearing the obstacle using one hand placement to rectify positioning to be able to carry on running fast
Lache; A momentum generated dismount using arms to pull the bar to rectifying body position to land upright
Underbar; A pull-based dismount focusing on keeping the body close to the bar
Crabswing; An Underbar variation where the starting position has both feet on the bar
PK; Short for Parkour
Ankle Thing; Very common minor injury. Occurs when foot bends back causing "anterior impingement", done during Pres when landing, prevented with ankle strengthening exercises
Rilla Point; Technique of positioning the body from the apex of a jump to the landing in such a way to maximise balance/accuracy/control to allow Stick. Named after our Senior Coach Connor's friend and internationally respected athlete Caleb Iuliano from team Rilla Hops in Orlando, USA. Caleb, being the lead Rilla, exhibits a great Pre technique in regards to accuracy and control within the movement, allowing safer practice in short and long term.
Rilla Hops video "Deep Breath": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73bepGzubEE
Dorothy(Also known as "Ankle Clacks"); When both ankles hit each other when landing a Pre. Prevented by feet together throughout the Pre and mastering the Rilla Point.
As with most community driven sports the names and terms are interpreted and used differently by different areas, not only globally but somtimes even within one city there can be Parkour groups using completely different words for an Arm-Jump or Cat-Pass.
This can obviously be confusing to practioners trying to understand a movement explained, the best way to explain a movement is to show what you mean rather than describe.
This list is in no way definetive or claiming that these are the "right" terms for Parkour, we at LSP find it useful to have a resource to guide our student's progress by outlining the main Parkour terms in one place.
About the Author
With many years studying technique and safe practice of Parkour, Connor utilizes these to focus on creative movement using simple surroundings for his own training.
He hopes to be able to share this method of creative expression to his students to see them too enjoy movement even if only given one unassuming obstacle.